two doors will open.
I started this blog in 2006. It has seen me through a lot. I have posted from different countries in east Africa that I have lived in. It chronicles a huge part of my life. And although I haven't been posting much over this past year, I haven't wanted to let it go. It means too much to me. I have decided that now, for various reasons, I am going to keep posting to this blog.
Remember though: "When one door closes, another one opens." And in this case, two doors will open.
Legend has it my ancestors build Mangadi-Negus (King's Highway), and before I left Ethiopia I have involved in design and construction of major Ethiopian Asphalt-highways, and I continue to build for the Swahili and Ashanti Africa. In this blog I put together a family/friends story to document our life in Gilgel Gibe, Bonga and other construction sites that we worked. I just didn't really know how to separate it from my own personal blog. But now I am blowing off the virtual dust and reopening that blog.
I want to share more on the books I read, Engineering staffs, and lots of interesting stuffs, and be an open book on my years at work in the tourist destinations: Tanzania, Uganda, and now Ghana.
Sometimes I dip my toe in the geopolitics of outlier-Ethiopia
Clear as mud? Here it is simply:
Wednesday, November 20, 2013
Saturday, August 17, 2013
Wednesday, June 26, 2013
Saturday, June 15, 2013
The Copenhagen conference had drew together 170 countries in the Danish capital to negotiate new commitments to reductions in GHGs emissions after 2012, the expiry date for the Kyoto Protocol.
Meles charged at the Western countries taking into account that the poorest countries on the planet including Malawi produce just a mere fraction of GHGs, which are the prime cause of global warming and climate change disturbances that ensue.
It is however, the same poor countries who are already-and who will be at an even greater extent in the future-the main victims, forced to endure more frequent and intense incidences of extreme weather conditions such as droughts, floods, hurricanes, mudslides and rising sea levels.
On the other hand rich developed countries on the globe according to the World Bank are responsible for 64 percent of GHGs emissions since 1850, would only bear 20 percent of the consequences while poor developing countries, which caused just 2 percent of these emissions pay 80 percent of the price.
“The damage caused to the economies of the world’s poor countries will be ten times greater than that inflicted on developed nations,” said UN Economic and Social Affairs Director Rob Vos then.
Monday, May 13, 2013
Chiladas are highly sociable primates with a relatively large vocal range. The lip-smacking vocalizations of Chilada baboons may provide clues as to how speech originated.
Lip-smacking can be seen in many non-human primates, but only Chilada baboons (a terrestrial, Old World monkey Theropithecus gelada) vocalize while doing it. These vocalizations, known as "wobbles", can sound disconcertingly human - when Thore Bergman (the author of the paper) was observing Chilada in Ethiopia he frequently mistook the sound for someone trying to talk to him, only to find it was Chilada instead. Though other primates are known to make complex sounds, only Chilada vocalizations possess pitch and volume fluctuations similar to speech.
Previous research with macaques revealed that the facial movements involved in lip-smacking were very speechlike, indicating a precursor to speech. However neither macaques nor any other primate ever vocalized during these lip-smacks. The fact that Chilada vocalize during lip-smacks supports this hypothesis as a possible origin of speech (though likely not the only route to speech).
The function of the wobbles is not currently known. A social function seems likely, especially when comparing social complexity between Chiladas and their nearest relatives, baboons. Baboons, who don't vocalize as much or smack their lips, live in smaller and more short-lived social groups. Bergman is curious whether the wobbles allow Chilada to communicate things other monkeys can't.
Chilada baboons might have answer for children with autism, as human mirror mechanism for action understanding and imitation. Always good things come from the Promised Land. Because, everything grows with Love, Ethiopia.
To read the paper:
The social role of imitation in autism:
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
I keep passing the same places with names, which to me appear strange (and not just because my Kiswahili is not among the best ones).
This place- a small truck stop village on the highway between Chalinze and Dar Es Salam in Tanzania-I worked out the literal meaning of the name a while ago: ‘’picture of a plane (or bird)’’
Lakini, kwa nini?
According to local Tanzanian the place is named after this little toy plane which the bar owner put up- and now the whole village is named after this.
I took picture of the wooden plane, and I get a glimpse about the following post:
African leaders have reaffirmed their commitments to gender equality, women’s rights and empowerment in both economic and political spheres following the adoption of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, (2003) and The Solemn Declaration on Gender Equality in Africa (SDGEA, 2004). This culminated in the adoption of the African Union (AU) Gender Policy in 2009 and the launch of African Women’s Decade in 2010, reaffirmed with the launch of the Fund for African Women in 2011. African governments have also made commitments through a number of international agreements. Leaders have committed to promote maternal, newborn, and child health and development in Africa by 2015, notably through the Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa.
A series of commitments emphasizing gender concerns in social and economic spheres have also been made through AU and regional level sectoral declarations, including on education, health, youth employment, food security and migration.
What results have been achieved?
Education: The majority of African countries are on course to achieve the MDG primary enrolment and gender parity targets in education: 10 out of 27 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and all North African countries have already reached parity. Girl dropout rates remain high, especially in rural areas. This challenge also lies at secondary and tertiary levels, where African governments are under-investing.
Health: Much has been done to scale up prevention and treatment, but the disproportionate impact on women remains a major challenge .Maternal health in sub-Saharan Africa has improved, with maternal deaths per 100,000 live births falling by 26% between 1980 and 2008. The rate, however, remains high compared to North Africa and the rest of the world. Major gains have been made in increasing skilled attendance at birth in Northern Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa has lagged behind, with births attended by a skilled health professional averaging just 46% in 2009, against 42% a decade earlier.
Economic participation: 36% of the sub-Saharan African population in waged employment is women. In North Africa the proportion (outside agriculture) is less than 20%. Women represent half of the agricultural labour force in Africa. Despite their essential contribution, women in Africa have less access than men to productive resources, including land, livestock, labor, education, extension and financial services, and technology. On a more positive trend, the number of African women in legislative, senior or managerial jobs has increased steadily to reach 24.8%, compared to an estimated 28% global average.
Political representation: In 2011, sub-Saharan Africa had reached 20% female participation in parliamentary representation, slightly above the world average of 19%. North Africa increased to 12%, up from only 3% in 2000. Six countries have surpassed 30% or higher representation in parliaments, mainly due to constitutional quotas and progressive laws. Two of the top three global performers are African, with percentages of women in decision-making positions exceeding 40%. Increased representation of women in decision-making at local government levels is also reported in a number of countries. However, the number of women in parliament has recently declined in some countries, indicating that more needs to be done to ensure equitable political representation.
What are the future priority actions?
• Expedite measures to enhance access to the African Fund for Women;
• Harmonize all programmes that promote health and well being of women and girls including strengthening of anti-retroviral access programmes;
• Continued actions to promote parity in politics and decision-making, including concrete moves towards constitutional provisions.
Deliver on Busan commitments to:
• help collect and make full use of data disaggregated by sex;
• integrate targets for gender women’s empowerment in accountability mechanisms;
• promote gender parity in all aspects of development programmes
Tuesday, November 27, 2012
In Ethiopian history prior to examinations, church students often chew and swallow a Datura weed called astenager to enhance memory of biblical quotations. Datura has been a popular poison for suicide and murder in India and some parts of Europe.
When we were kids two of my cousins take a grounded seed of datura, after they lost all their money in a foosball game at holiday eve - Meskel; later that night they start to show violent behaviour and hallucination, where they insanely end up in a hospital for a week. The side effect caused them confusion and memory loss; they both forget the names of their girlfriends and soon break-up. It was a horrendous, and likely_fatal_experience.
Some are flying HIGH some are flying LOW!
Monday, November 26, 2012
How many of you are using Google Alerts?
Google Alerts is a content change detection and notification service. Google Alerts can be a great tool for monitoring any search term you care about—including your own name and other personal information.
For example, you might be seeking a specific kind of job or scholarships/event/news that you wish to be informed before anyone else; or you want to be keeping current on a competitor or industry.
Google make it real. If anything with your interest is uploaded on the web, Google Alerts will instantly update you via your e-mail,
Wish you a speedy hunting in your interests, in a virtual world business.
Saturday, November 24, 2012
Saturday, November 10, 2012
Zan-zi-barrr the very name evokes mystery, intrigue and exotic, sultry adventure. Stone Town is where it simmers, with its crumbling coral-rag palaces, winding, walled alleyways, and a history steeped in spices.
I would be lying if I told you it was as if time had stood still, the ancient trading hub of East Africa is now a relic of its former past, and it’s a crying shame not more has been done to preserve this UNESCO World Heritage Site. But, there is charm in the cultural melting pot that remains – recessed Persian houses jostle with modern Afro clothing boutiques, a waterfront dotted with old Arabic dhows, rusting 70′s-style ferries, and an Italian owned Gelato shop.
Here are my collections in the magical jumble of Stone Town.
An imposing white-washed building, the once residence of the Zanzibari royalty is now a museum dedicated to archiving the history of Zanzibar’s Sultans. Climb the central staircase and peel off into rooms archiving the sultanate era (1828-1964) with an eclectic mix of leftover furniture, paintings and such like. Each floor represents a different period but make sure to spend time in Princess Salme’s room.
Slave Chamber and Anglican Cathedral
I grope my way down the narrow stairs to the cells. Only two slits in the thick wall allow daylight to come in. When the caretaker switches on one bare bulb I can take in the terror of this confined place. It is here that slaves awaited their lot. The ceilings were too low for them to stand upright nor could they sit down as the place was crammed. As a result many suffocated and only the strongest survived.
In 1873 the slave trade was declared illegal. Consequently the slave market in Stone Town was closed but the slave trade continued until 1918 when Tanganyika became a British protectorate. Exploitation of the former slaves did not stop; they worked for a pittance in the spice plantations. In 1961 when Tanganyika became independent the slave trade stopped for once and for all.
Next to the slave chamber is the Anglican cathedral Church of Christ built in 1873, the year the slave markets closed. The interior of the church is full of reminders of the slave trade. Dr. Livingstone, explorer, doctor, anti-slave activist, is commemorated in a stained glass window. There is also a crucifix made of the wood of the tree under which Livingstone’s heart was buried. It was his explicit wish that his heart should remain in Africa. A red circle next to the altar marks the spot of a post. Slaves were tied to it, then whipped to test their strength and resilience before being sold.
Later that day I reached at Axum Ethiopian Restaurant, located down Stone town
I gorged with Shiro and Doro wot. But very expensive which cost me around 40000ths, equivalent of 400ETB. The doro is not so good, neither the Shiro; for this home grown boy there is nothing better tasting like mom's Shiro and Doro wot.
Tuesday, October 30, 2012
Monday, October 29, 2012
The Challenger Deep is the deepest known part of the ocean, lying in the Mariana Trench (a subduction zone feature) near Guam. The Mariana Trench is a 1600 mile-long, 43 miles across, formed by subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Mariana Plate.
It has only been visited once before by humans when Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh and the Swiss explorer (deceased) Jackques Piccard rode in their submersible, Trieste, to its bottom. In their descent, the outer layer of their porthole cracked when they were about five miles down, and still a mile above their destination. The Triest was the first wholly self-contained submarine to make the venture. It was a giant, cigar-shaped "balloon" filled with 22,500 gallons of petrol--which is lighter than water--to provide buoyancy. Beneath this ballon was a tiny steel sphere, 7 feet in diameter, holding the two adventurers. It had nine-tons of iron pellets attached to make it sink. These were then jettisoned on the ocean floor.
There is apparently a high-competitive race going on between Cameron, who has been preparing for this rather secretly for five years, and Richard Branson, who has built an airplane-shaped Virgin Oceanic submarine. The third competitor is Patrick Lahey, the president of a small Central Florida company, Triton Submarines. Cameron's submersible is being built by Australian engineers, and the goal is to film in 3D at the bottom.
Why the race? $10,000,000 will be awarded by the X-Prize Foundation, a nonprofit organization that aims to inspire radical breakthroughs that will benefit humanity. The Deep is 35,814 feet below the ocean surface, a mile deeper than Everest is high.
What's so exciting about the Challenger Deep? For biologists, it's the possibility of documenting some of the estimated 750,000 species of marine life that we haven't found yet (and this excludes the billion estimated unidentified microbes).
According to a 2010 article in the DailyMail.co.uk, Cameron plans to film parts of an Avatar sequel down there. Let's hope that he's successful!
Saturday, October 20, 2012
Happy Geologic Map day!! 19Oct. 2012
Gold and Pyramids, man's earliest geologic efforts
The Arabian-Nubian Shield (ANS) was the site of some of man's earliest geologic efforts.
The earliest preserved geologic map was made in 1150 BCE to show the location of gold deposits in Eastern Egypt; it is known as the Turin papyrus.
The Greek name for Aswan, Syene; is the type locality for the igneous rock syenite.
Pharonic Egyptians also quarried granite near Aswan and floated this down the Nile to be used as facing for the pyramids.
ANS is an exposure of Precambrian crystalline rocks on the flanks of the Red Sea. It is the northern half of a great collision zone called the East African Orogen. This collision zone formed near the end of Neoproterozoic time when East and West Gondwana collided to form the supercontinent Gondwana.
ANS includes the nations of Israel, Jordan. Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Yemen, and Somalia.
Geological map of Ethiopia, 1973. Scale 1:2,000,000
Thursday, October 18, 2012
She was a young Ethiopian, fully mature, adult of about 25 years when she died; of the species Australopithecus afarensis
French geologist Maurice Taieb discovered the Hadar Formation in the Afar Triangle of Ethiopia in 1972.
He then formed the International Afar Research Expedition (IARE), inviting three scientists from three countries to co-direct the research.
Lucy was found by Donald Johanson and Tom Gray on the November 24, 1974, at the site of Hadar in Ethiopia. They had taken a Land Rover out that day to map in another locality. After a long, hot morning of mapping and surveying for fossils, they decided to head back to the vehicle. Johanson suggested taking an alternate route back to the Land Rover, through a nearby gully. Within moments, he spotted a right proximal ulna (forearm bone) and quickly identified it as a hominid. Shortly thereafter, he saw an occipital (skull) bone, then a femur, some ribs, a pelvis, and the lower jaw. Two weeks later, after many hours of excavation, screening, and sorting, several hundred fragments of bone had been recovered, representing 40 percent of a single hominid skeleton.
Later in the night of November 24, there was much celebration and excitement over the discovery of what looked like a fairly complete hominid skeleton. There was drinking, dancing, and singing; the Beatles’ song “Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds” was playing over and over. At some point during that night, no one remembers when or by whom, the skeleton was given the name “Lucy.” The name has stuck.
Under an agreement with the government of Ethiopia, Johanson brought the skeleton back to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History in Cleveland where it was reconstructed by Owen Lovejoy. It was returned to us, Ethiopia according to agreement some 9 years later. Lucy as a fossil hominid captured public notice, becoming almost a household name at the time.
Using 40Ar/39Ar (Argon-Argon) dating technique of the volcanic ash deposits, Lucy is dated to 3.2 million years old.
Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds - The Beatles (lyrics)